North Korea is focusing on Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR) technologies, such as artificial intelligence (AI), with the aim of expanding their applications. The country’s state media has highlighted the global competition for science and technology and efforts to apply AI to the education sector. North Korea may also utilize 4IR technology for military purposes, including wargaming and surveillance. Experts suggest monitoring the country’s activities and implementing measures to mitigate potential sanctions risks.
North Korea’s main newspaper, Rodong Sinmun, reported that global competition for science and technology has been intensifying, with a specific emphasis on AI, virtual reality, and augmented reality. The country’s state-run radio network, the Korean Central Broadcasting Station, stated that other countries are actively using AI to boost agricultural production. North Korean state media has introduced global trends in new technologies in the agricultural and education sectors. However, it is possible that North Korea could also employ 4IR technology for military purposes.
According to Kim Hyuk, a research fellow at the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies, North Korean researchers have applied AI and machine learning for sensitive applications such as wargaming and surveillance. Kim suggests that the country’s wargaming environment could involve tactical conflicts, including artillery shells. Given that AI and machine learning technologies can be transferred intangibly, it is important to monitor North Korea’s activities and implement measures to mitigate potential sanctions risks.
In conclusion, North Korea is showing interest in 4IR technologies, particularly AI, for applications in various sectors such as agriculture and education. However, there are concerns that the country may also utilize these technologies for military purposes. It is crucial to closely monitor North Korea’s activities and take necessary measures to mitigate risks associated with the transfer of sensitive technologies.