TLDR: Technology alone will not be enough to combat climate change, according to industrial ecologist Stephanie Cap. Cap’s calculations show that even with technological advances such as wind turbines, solar panels, batteries, and green hydrogen, European countries will not be able to limit global heating to 1.5° without lifestyle changes. By 2030, only three EU countries will be on track to meet the 1.5° target if they rely on technology alone. By 2050, none of the 27 EU member states will be able to limit greenhouse gas emissions to the target level without lifestyle changes. Cap emphasizes the importance of individual actions in addition to structural change, and calls for policies and incentives to encourage households to reduce their emissions. Cap’s research highlights the need for both technological innovation and lifestyle changes in order to address the climate crisis effectively.